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Knowledge of international container transport system (1) mode of transport

Knowledge of international container transport system (1) mode of transport

International container transport
  
     As the container is a new mode of transport modernization, which the carriage of goods and traditional there are many different, is not the same, the international container transportation on an effective and there is no generally accepted uniform approach. However, in dealing with the specific container business, the general practice of approximation, on the basis of the international container business practice in brief is as follows:
  
     1. Packing of goods means the container

     According to the number of containers of goods and means of packing can be divided into two types of FCL and LCL.

     (1) FCL (Full Container Load, FCL). Cargo refers to cargo loaded on its own after FCL to me for the container shipment. This case there is sufficient supply in the cargo load one or more of the FCL are usually used, with the exception of some large shippers have their own containers maintained, in general are to the carrier or container leasing company to rent a container. Empty containers to the factory or warehouse, in the Customs and Excise Department under the supervision of personnel, cargo owners into the cargo box, locking, aluminum·âºóCarrier Station and get a receipt with a receipt for the final bill of lading or waybill.

     (2) LCL (Less Than Container Load, LCL). Refers to the carrier (or agent) to accept less than the number of cargo shipments of small bulk cargo after the vote, according to the nature and destination of goods categories to sort out. The goods to the same destination, into a certain number into the box assembled. Box due to a different owner of the goods assembled together, so called LCL. The situation is less than the number of cargo consignments full use of FCL. LCL's sorting, concentration, packing (unboxing), delivery, etc. are in the carrier terminal or inland container freight station to container transfer station.

     2. Way transfer of containerized cargo
  
     As mentioned above, the container FCL and LCL cargo is divided into two, so in the transfer of different ways, when we look at the current international practice, the following four categories:
   
     (1) cross-FCL, FCL access (FCL / FCL) cargo to the factory or warehouse full of goods to the bulk carrier, the consignee at destination in order to access the same bulk goods, in other words, the carrier unit is responsible for a bulk transfer. Boxing and unboxing of goods are in charge of cargo.

     (2) LCL, devanning access (LCL / LCL) FCL cargo will not be enough votes in small consignments of goods in the container freight station or inland station to the carrier, the carrier is responsible for LCL and packing (Stuffing, Vanning) to the destination station or inland cargo terminals, the carrier is responsible for devanning by (Unstuffing, Devantting), devanning, the goods received voucher consignee. Boxing and unboxing of goods by the carrier is responsible.

     (3) Full pay, then devanning (FCL / LCL) cargo in factory or warehouse full of goods to the bulk to the carriers, in the destination container freight station or inland station from the carrier responsible for demolishing me after the goods received voucher consignee.

     (4) LCL, FCL access (LCL / FCL) FCL cargo will not be enough votes in small consignments of goods in the container freight station or inland station to the carrier. Categories adjustment from the carrier, the consignee of the goods to focus on the same assembly as FCL, transported to the destination, the carrier to pay FCL, Full access to the consignee. Transfer of the above methods to pay FCL, FCL best access and most can play the advantages of container.
    
     3. Containerized cargo transfer locations

     The transfer of cargo containers, in accordance with the terms of trade provided for the transfer will generally be divided into different locations:
    
     (1) door-to-door (Door to Door): from the consignor to the consignee factory or warehouse or storage facility;
   
     (2) arrived at the scene the door (Door to CY): from the factory or warehouse shipper to destination or disposal of the container yard box in Hong Kong;
    
     (3) the arrival door (Door to CFS): from the factory or warehouse shipper to destination, unloading boxes or container freight station in Hong Kong;
  
     (4) market-to-door (CY to Door): from the shipment or packing of the container yard in Hong Kong factory or warehouse to the consignee;

     (5) market scene (CY to CY): from the shipment or packing of the container yard to destination, Hong Kong or Hong Kong disposal container yard box;

     (6) Field stop (CY to CFS): from Hong Kong shipment or packing of the container yard to destination or unloading boxes of the container freight station in Hong Kong;
    
     (7) points to the door (CFS to DOor): from the shipment or packing of the container freight station in Hong Kong to the consignee factory or warehouse;
    
     (8) Station arrived at the scene (CFS to CY): from the shipment or packing of the container freight station in Hong Kong to the destination or disposal of the container yard box in Hong Kong;
   
     (9) the arrival station (CFS to CFS): from the shipment or packing of the container freight station in Hong Kong to the destination or unloading boxes of the container freight station in Hong Kong.

     Transfer of more than nine ways, and further be summarized into the following four ways:
   
     (1) door-to-door: the characteristics of this mode of transport, in the whole transport process, is container transport, there is no transportation of goods, it is the most appropriate cross-FCL, FCL access.

     (2) door stops the scene: the characteristics of this mode of transport is the scene from the door station for container transport, to the door by the station is the transportation of goods, it is suitable for cross-FCL, then devanning.
    
     (3) station to the door: the characteristics of this mode of transport is by the door to the station is the transportation of goods, from the station to the door is container transport, it is suitable for LCL, FCL access.
    
     (4) Station station arrived at the scene: This is characterized by mode of transport, with the exception of the middle of a period for the container transportation, the two ends of the inland transport of cargo transport, it is suitable for LCL, then devanning.

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